The Trinity of God
The doctrine defined
A. Preliminary points
1 The purpose of this definition is not to explain the trinity itself, but to define and explain the Biblical doctrine of the trinity.
2. The definition is limited because we are attempting to define by finite words an infinite being.
3. The word "trinity" is not used, but the truth is clearly taught. It is not taught outright, but it is clearly and unmistakably implied in the Scriptures.
B. A definition:
"'There is only one God, but in the unity of the Godhead, there are three co-equal persons (Father, Son, Spirit)"
They are distinct persons, not in the sense of humans --separate beings-- but each with his own personality, yet one being.
C. What the doctrine of the trinity does not say This doctrine does not mean that:
1 . there are three parts to God
2. there are three gods
3. there is one God, revealed in three ways (one person, three masks or roles)
The doctrine defended
A. Preliminary points
1 The Bible does not attempt to defend the doctrine of the trinity, it merely reveals it as a fact.
2. The Bible does not explicitly state this doctrine, but it teaches there is only one God, yet it calls three distinct persons God. Either the Bible contradicts itself or God is a trinity.
B. The unity of God
1 . Definition:
There is only one God and that God (the divine nature) is undivided and indivisible.
2. Biblical support
Deuteronomy 6:4 supported by Jesus in Mark 12:29-34
Isaiah 43:1 0; 44:6,8; 45:5,6
1 Timothy 2:5
C. The triunity of God
1 Three persons are called God.
a. Father --John 6:27, Galatians 1: 1
b. Son (Jesus) -- John 20:28-29; Titus 2:13
c. Holy Spirit -- Acts 5:3-4, 1 Corinthians 2:10-11, Jeremiah 31:31-34, Hebrews 10:15-17
2. The three persons are all one.
a. The Father and Son are one -- John 10:30, 14:6-11
b. The Son and the Spirit are one -- 2 Corinthians 3:17, Romans 8:9
c. The Father and the Spirit are one -- 1 Corinthians 2:1 1, Romans 8:9
3. The three persons appear together.
Isaiah 48:16 Isaiah 63:7-10
Creation: Genesis 1:1 -- Father Colossians 1: 1 6 -- Son (John 1:3) Job 33:4 -- Spirit
Matthew 28:19 "name" -- singular 2 Corinthians 13:14, Matthew 3:16-17, Matthew 22:43-44
The doctrine of the Trinity defended summary:
The best way to show the Biblical doctrine of the trinity is to show that the Bible teaches that:
1. There is only one God
2. Yet three persons are called God, are one, and appear together